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Butterfly to Ant Symbiotic Relationship Search

Myrmecophily is well documented in the larvae of some species of Lycaeindae (the blues, coppers or hairstreaks). That is, a symbiotic relationship exists between butterfly larva and ants. The ants receive a honey-dew exudate produced by glands on the larva and in return afford protection to the larva from prey and parasites. This type of relationship is called "Myrmecophilous" or "ant-liking".

In some cases, the symbiotic relationship and modified and in fact the butterfly larvae eat the ants immature, yet the ants continue to tolerate them. This type of ant relationship is called "Myrmecophageous" or "ant-eating".

Learn more about these relationship through database searches on ant names and the types of associations that occur.

Search on the Common Name or Scientific Name of a Butterfly to find out which ants it lives with and whether it is a "Myrmecophilous" or a "Myrmecophageous" relationship.


Common or Scientific Name Query

Common Names:
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